Saturday, June 6, 2015

Avant Garde

Originally a French term, meaning in English
vanguard or advance guard (the part of an
army that goes forward ahead of the rest): it
first appeared in reference to art in France in
the first half of the nineteenth century,
usually credited to the influential thinker
Henri de Saint-Simon, one of the forerunners
of socialism. He believed in the social power
of the arts and saw artists, alongside
scientists and industrialists, as the leaders of
a new society.

#Avantgarde art can be said to begin in the
1850s with the #realism of Gustave Courbet,
who was strongly influenced by early
socialist ideas. This was followed by the
successive movements of #modern art, and
the term avant-garde is more or less
synonymous with modern.

Raoul Hausmann — The Art Critic 1919-20



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